The device gets delivered with private keys as defined by the provider!
As part of our Methodology, we ask:
Are the keys never shared with the provider?If the answer is "no", we mark it as "Provided private keys".
The best hardware wallet cannot guarantee that the provider deleted the keys if the private keys were put onto the device by them in the first place.
There is no way of knowing if the provider took a copy in the process. If they did, all funds controlled by those devices are potentially also under the control of the provider and could be moved out of the client’s control at any time at the provider’s discretion.The product cannot be independently verified. If the provider puts your funds at risk on purpose or by accident, you will probably not know about the issue before people start losing money. If the provider is more criminally inclined he might have collected all the backups of all the wallets, ready to be emptied at the press of a button. The product might have a formidable track record but out of distress or change in management turns out to be evil from some point on, with nobody outside ever knowing before it is too late.
But we also ask:
Is the product still supported by the still existing provider?If the answer is "no", we mark it as "Not functioning anymore".
Discontinued products or worse, products of providers that are not active anymore, are problematic, especially if they were not formerly reproducible and well audited to be self-custodial following open standards. If the provider hasn’t answered inquiries for a year but their server is still running or similar circumstances might get this verdict, too.
Do your own research!
Try out searching for "lost bitcoins", "stole my money" or "scammers" together with the wallet's name, even if you think the wallet is generally trustworthy. For all the bigger wallets you will find accusations. Make sure you understand why they were made and if you are comfortable with the provider's reaction.
What is a bearer token?
Bearer tokens are meant to be passed on from one user to another similar to cash or a banking check. Unlike hardware wallets, this comes with an enormous "supply chain" risk if the token gets handed from user to user anonymously - all bearer past and present have plausible deniability if the funds move. We used to categorize bearer tokens as hardware wallets, but decided that they deserved an altogether different category. Generally, bearer tokens require these attributes:
- Secure initial setup
- Tamper evidence
- Balance check without revealing private keys
- Small size
- Low unit price
- Somebody has a backup and needs to be trusted.
- Nobody has a backup and funds are destroyed if the token is lost or damaged.
The Analysis ¶
Bitbills have been attributed to Douglas Feigelson who filed Patent No. US20130166455A1 on December 23, 2011 under BITBILLS, INC. The patent was published on June 27, 2013.
The patent’s title is “Creating and using digital currency”. The abstract reads:
Among other things, a physical device carries value and can be physically delivered in a transaction. The physical device includes a representation of the value carried by the physical device. The representation is usable to transfer the value from the physical device to a digital domain. A security feature can change from a state indicating that the value carried by the physical device has not been compromised to a state indicating that the value carried by the physical device may have been compromised. The change in state is detectable, the representation of the value carried by the physical device being inaccessible except in a manner that causes the security feature to change state.
The patent filing generated some discussions about the ethics of patenting what was supposed to be related to Open Source technology.
In response, another provider, cryptocoinwalletcards filed a 301 Citation of Prior Artwork against Bitbills in 2013.
When it was first announced on Bitcointalk on May 9, 2011, the poster described it as the first physical incarnation of Bitcoins. It was announced even earlier than the which was announced on December of the same year.
How it worked via Bitcointalk
A Bitbill is a plastic card that holds the cryptographic key that will allow the face value amount of the card to be spent. The key is on a QR code embedded within the card such that it cannot be read without the card showing evidence of tampering. Additionally, the card has a hologram affixed to ensure that the card is not a counterfeit.
The intention is that the card will be left unopened and then can be treated as money by being acceptable at face value when making a transaction in-person at a retailer, for example. At any time, the card can be opened and the funds spent through the Bitcoin payment network. Once the card has been opened it will no longer be acceptable as payment anywhere else due to the fact that its private key has already been revealed.
Bitbills come in denominations of 1, 5, 10 or 20 bitcoins.
Do you keep a copy of the cards’ private keys?
After each card has been produced and proven functional, we delete all records of the private key. This means that once the card leaves our hands, we can no longer access the associated bitcoins (be aware, this means we also can’t help if you lose or destroy your card).
Cards cost their face value plus a small fee. Shipping is ฿0.25 to anywhere in the US, and ฿0.60 to most international locations. We offer a 25% fee discount for any order of 10 or more Bitbills cards.
Like the Casascius coins, and amidst the controversy of the patent filing, Bitbills’ vulnerability hangs on the fact that the provider will have to print the private key on the card itself. The wording on the descriptions provided in the Bitcointalk thread details how the cards are no longer acceptable once the the card has been opened. This seemingly takes for granted the fact that somebody had to print the QR code in the first place. Bitbills ceased production in May 15, 2012.
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